Bibliography and Index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia  

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"Flamm, Richard O"

Flamm, Richard O.: SEE ALSO Weigle et al., 2001. (detail)
Flamm, Richard O.; Owen, Edward C. G.; Owen, C. F. W.; Wells, Randall S.; Nowacek, Douglas P. (detail)
Aerial videogrammetry from a tethered airship to assess manatee life-stage structure.
Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16(3): 617-630. 3 tabs. 5 figs.
Flamm, Richard O.; Ward, Leslie I.; Weigle, Bradley L. (detail)
Applying a variable-shape spatial filter to map relative abundance of manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris).
Landscape Ecology 16: 279-288.
Weigle, Bradley L.; Wright, Irene Elizabeth; Ross, Monica; Flamm, Richard O. (detail)
Movements of radio-tagged manatees in Tampa Bay and along Florida's west coast 1991-1996.
Florida Marine Research Institute Technical Report (St. Petersburg) TR-7: ii + 156. 9 tabs. 5 figs. 58 maps & 6 charts in appendices (pp. 27-156).
Aipanjiguly, Sampreethi; Jacobson, Susan K.; Flamm, Richard O. (detail)
Conserving manatees: knowledge, attitudes, and intentions of boaters in Tampa Bay, Florida.
Conserv. Biol. 17(4): 1098-1105. Aug. 2003.
–Study of boaters' attitudes toward manatees in Florida.
Nowacek, Stephanie M.; Wells, Randall S.; Owen, Edward C. G.; Speakman, Todd R.; Flamm, Richard O.; Nowacek, Douglas P. (detail)
Florida manatees, Trichechus manatus latirostris, respond to approaching vessels.
Biol. Conserv. 119: 517-523.
Morris, J. K.; Jacobson, S. K.; Flamm, Richard O. (detail)
Lessons from an evaluation of a boater outreach program for manatee protection.
Envir. Management 40(4): 596-602.
Flamm, Richard Owen; Reynolds, John Elliot, III; Harmak, Craig (detail)
Improving conservation of florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris): conceptualization and contributions toward a regional warm-water network management strategy for sustainable winter habitat.
Environmental Management 51(1): 154-166. 3 tabs. 2 figs. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-012-9985-4. Jan. 2013.
–ABSTRACT: We used southwestern Florida as a case study to lay the groundwork for an intended and organized decision-making process for managing warm-water habitat needed by endangered manatees to survive winters in Florida. Scientists and managers have prioritized (a) projecting how the network of warm-water sites will change over the next 50 years as warmed industrial discharges may expire and as flows of natural springs are reduced through redirection of water for human uses, and (b) mitigating such changes to prevent undue consequences to manatees. Given the complexities introduced by manatee ecology; agency organizational structure; shifting public demands; fluctuating resource availability; and managing within interacting cultural, social, political, and environmental contexts, it was clear that a structured decision process was needed. To help promote such a process, we collected information relevant to future decisions including maps of known and suspected warm-water sites and prototyped a characterization of sites and networks. We propose steps that would lead to models that might serve as core tools in manatee/warm-water decision-making, and we summarized topics relevant for informed decision-making (e.g., manatee spatial cognition, risk of cold-stress morbidity and mortality, and human dimensions). A major impetus behind this effort is to ensure proactively that robust modeling tools are available well in advance of the anticipated need for a critical management decision.
Flamm, Richard O.; Braunsberger, Karin (detail)
Applying marketing to conservation: a case study on encouraging boater reporting of watercraft collisions with Florida manatees.
Ocean & Coastal Management 96: 20-28. 1 tab. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.04.026. Aug. 2014.
–ABSTRACT: We illustrate how the application of a traditional marketing approach can be used to address conservation problems. The conservation challenge at hand relates to the low number of reported boat strikes of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), an endangered marine mammal that inhabits coastal Florida. Our objective was to assess why boaters do or do not call the authorities after their boat strikes a manatee and what can be done to increase the rate of reporting. Results of our online survey indicated that over 90% of subjects expressed a willingness to call the authorities if they strike a manatee with their boat. However, this self-reported sentiment has not resulted in frequent calls to the authorities by boaters involved in a collision with a manatee since records have been kept. The outcome of subsequent personal in-depth interviews suggested that most boaters do not know who to call or do not have the proper contact number. Based on our findings, we suggest the implementation of a decal to be positioned in a vessel's cockpit displaying the proper number to call to report a manatee incident. We also recommend including numbers for other marine emergencies on the decal. We discuss barriers to success that need to be considered and caution as to potential market failures.

Daryl P. Domning, Research Associate, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, and Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
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